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State

Each account has an state associated where it stores its metadata and all the contract-related data (contract's code + storage).

Accounts' states can be read by anyone in the network, but only the account itself can change it.

Each account pays for their own storage by locking a part of their balance proportional to the space used.


Account's Metadata​

The state keeps track of relevant metadata from the contract. Particularly, the state stores the following fields:

  1. amount: The accounts balance expressed in yoctoNEAR (1 Ⓝ = 1024yⓃ).
  2. code_hash: A hash of the contract's Wasm file, filled with 1s if no contract is present.
  3. storage_usage: Amount of bytes used for storage by the account (code + metadata + data storage).
info

You can check an accounts metadata by running the following near cli command:

near state hello-nearverse.testnet

Contract's State​

The state is also the place where both the contract's code and the contract's storage are stored.

The contract's storage is organized as key-value pairs encoded using base64 and JSON serialization (or Borsh in Rust).

info

You can check an accounts contract state by running the following near cli command:

near view-state hello-nearverse.testnet --finality final --utf8 true
tip

When developing contracts our SDK will handle serializing the storage, so you can focus on what matters.


Paying for Storage (1 Ⓝ ~ 100kb)​

In order to pay for storage, accounts needs to lock a portion of their balance proportional to the amount of data being stored. This means that:

  • If more data is added and the state increases ↑, the account's balance decreases ↓.
  • If data is deleted and the state decreases ↓, the account's balance increases ↑.

Currently, it cost approximately 1 Ⓝ to store 100kb of data.