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RPC Endpoints

The RPC API enables you to send transactions and query their status.


Send transactionโ€‹

Sends transaction. Returns the guaranteed execution status and the results the blockchain can provide at the moment.

  • method: send_tx
  • params:
    • signed_tx_base64: SignedTransaction encoded in base64
    • [Optional] wait_until: the required minimal execution level. Read more here. The default value is EXECUTED_OPTIMISTIC.

Using send_tx with wait_until = NONE is equal to legacy broadcast_tx_async method.
Using send_tx with finality wait_until = EXECUTED_OPTIMISTIC is equal to legacy broadcast_tx_commit method.

Example:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": "dontcare",
"method": "send_tx",
"params": {
"signed_tx_base64": "DgAAAHNlbmRlci50ZXN0bmV0AOrmAai64SZOv9e/naX4W15pJx0GAap35wTT1T/DwcbbDwAAAAAAAAAQAAAAcmVjZWl2ZXIudGVzdG5ldNMnL7URB1cxPOu3G8jTqlEwlcasagIbKlAJlF5ywVFLAQAAAAMAAACh7czOG8LTAAAAAAAAAGQcOG03xVSFQFjoagOb4NBBqWhERnnz45LY4+52JgZhm1iQKz7qAdPByrGFDQhQ2Mfga8RlbysuQ8D8LlA6bQE=",
"wait_until": "INCLUDED_FINAL"
}
}
Example response:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": {
"final_execution_status": "FINAL",
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
},
"transaction": {
"signer_id": "sender.testnet",
"public_key": "ed25519:Gowpa4kXNyTMRKgt5W7147pmcc2PxiFic8UHW9rsNvJ6",
"nonce": 13,
"receiver_id": "receiver.testnet",
"actions": [
{
"Transfer": {
"deposit": "1000000000000000000000000"
}
}
],
"signature": "ed25519:7oCBMfSHrZkT7tzPDBxxCd3tWFhTES38eks3MCZMpYPJRfPWKxJsvmwQiVBBxRLoxPTnXVaMU2jPV3MdFKZTobH",
"hash": "ASS7oYwGiem9HaNwJe6vS2kznx2CxueKDvU9BAYJRjNR"
},
"transaction_outcome": {
"proof": [],
"block_hash": "9MzuZrRPW1BGpFnZJUJg6SzCrixPpJDfjsNeUobRXsLe",
"id": "ASS7oYwGiem9HaNwJe6vS2kznx2CxueKDvU9BAYJRjNR",
"outcome": {
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": ["BLV2q6p8DX7pVgXRtGtBkyUNrnqkNyU7iSksXG7BjVZh"],
"gas_burnt": 223182562500,
"tokens_burnt": "22318256250000000000",
"executor_id": "sender.testnet",
"status": {
"SuccessReceiptId": "BLV2q6p8DX7pVgXRtGtBkyUNrnqkNyU7iSksXG7BjVZh"
}
}
},
"receipts_outcome": [
{
"proof": [],
"block_hash": "5Hpj1PeCi32ZkNXgiD1DrW4wvW4Xtic74DJKfyJ9XL3a",
"id": "BLV2q6p8DX7pVgXRtGtBkyUNrnqkNyU7iSksXG7BjVZh",
"outcome": {
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": ["3sawynPNP8UkeCviGqJGwiwEacfPyxDKRxsEWPpaUqtR"],
"gas_burnt": 223182562500,
"tokens_burnt": "22318256250000000000",
"executor_id": "receiver.testnet",
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
}
}
},
{
"proof": [],
"block_hash": "CbwEqMpPcu6KwqVpBM3Ry83k6M4H1FrJjES9kBXThcRd",
"id": "3sawynPNP8UkeCviGqJGwiwEacfPyxDKRxsEWPpaUqtR",
"outcome": {
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": [],
"gas_burnt": 0,
"tokens_burnt": "0",
"executor_id": "sender.testnet",
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
}
}
}
]
},
"id": "dontcare"
}

What could go wrong?โ€‹

When API request fails, RPC server returns a structured error response with a limited number of well-defined error variants, so client code can exhaustively handle all the possible error cases. Our JSON-RPC errors follow verror convention for structuring the error response:

{
"error": {
"name": <ERROR_TYPE>,
"cause": {
"info": {..},
"name": <ERROR_CAUSE>
},
"code": -32000,
"data": String,
"message": "Server error",
},
"id": "dontcare",
"jsonrpc": "2.0"
}

Heads up

The fields code, data, and message in the structure above are considered legacy ones and might be deprecated in the future. Please, don't rely on them.

Here is the exhaustive list of the error variants that can be returned by broadcast_tx_commit method:

ERROR_TYPE
error.name

ERROR_CAUSE
error.cause.name
ReasonSolution
HANDLER_ERRORINVALID_TRANSACTIONAn error happened during transaction execution
  • See error.cause.info for details
TIMEOUT_ERRORTransaction was routed, but has not been recorded on chain in 10 seconds.
  • Re-submit the request with the identical transaction (in NEAR Protocol unique transactions apply exactly once, so if the previously sent transaction gets applied, this request will just return the known result, otherwise, it will route the transaction to the chain once again)
  • Check that your transaction is valid
  • Check that the signer account id has enough tokens to cover the transaction fees (keep in mind that some tokens on each account are locked to cover the storage cost)
REQUEST_VALIDATION_ERRORPARSE_ERRORPassed arguments can't be parsed by JSON RPC server (missing arguments, wrong format, etc.)
  • Check the arguments passed and pass the correct ones
  • Check error.cause.info for more details
INTERNAL_ERRORINTERNAL_ERRORSomething went wrong with the node itself or overloaded
  • Try again later
  • Send a request to a different node
  • Check error.cause.info for more details

Transaction Statusโ€‹

Queries status of a transaction by hash and returns the final transaction result.

  • method: tx
  • params:
    • tx_hash (see NearBlocks Explorer for a valid transaction hash)
    • sender_account_id (used to determine which shard to query for transaction)
    • [Optional] wait_until: the required minimal execution level. Read more here. The default value is EXECUTED_OPTIMISTIC.

A Transaction status request with wait_until != NONE will wait until the transaction appears on the blockchain. If the transaction does not exist, the method will wait until the timeout is reached. If you only need to check whether the transaction exists, use wait_until = NONE, it will return the response immediately.

Example:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": "dontcare",
"method": "tx",
"params": {
"tx_hash": "6zgh2u9DqHHiXzdy9ouTP7oGky2T4nugqzqt9wJZwNFm",
"sender_account_id": "sender.testnet",
"wait_until": "EXECUTED"
}
}
Example Result:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": {
"final_execution_status": "FINAL",
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
},
"transaction": {
"signer_id": "sender.testnet",
"public_key": "ed25519:Gowpa4kXNyTMRKgt5W7147pmcc2PxiFic8UHW9rsNvJ6",
"nonce": 15,
"receiver_id": "receiver.testnet",
"actions": [
{
"Transfer": {
"deposit": "1000000000000000000000000"
}
}
],
"signature": "ed25519:3168QMdTpcwHvM1dmMYBc8hg9J3Wn8n7MWBSE9WrEpns6P5CaY87RM6k4uzyBkQuML38CZhU18HzmQEevPG1zCvk",
"hash": "6zgh2u9DqHHiXzdy9ouTP7oGky2T4nugqzqt9wJZwNFm"
},
"transaction_outcome": {
"proof": [
{
"hash": "F7mL76CMdfbdZ3xCehVGNh1fCyaR37gr3MeGX3EZkiVf",
"direction": "Right"
}
],
"block_hash": "ADTMLVtkhsvzUxuf6m87Pt1dnF5vi1yY7ftxmNpFx7y",
"id": "6zgh2u9DqHHiXzdy9ouTP7oGky2T4nugqzqt9wJZwNFm",
"outcome": {
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": ["3dMfwczW5GQqXbD9GMTnmf8jy5uACxG6FC5dWxm3KcXT"],
"gas_burnt": 223182562500,
"tokens_burnt": "22318256250000000000",
"executor_id": "sender.testnet",
"status": {
"SuccessReceiptId": "3dMfwczW5GQqXbD9GMTnmf8jy5uACxG6FC5dWxm3KcXT"
}
}
},
"receipts_outcome": [
{
"proof": [
{
"hash": "6h95oEd7ih62KXfyPT4zsZYont4qy9sWEXc5VQVDhqtG",
"direction": "Right"
},
{
"hash": "6DnibgZk1T669ZprcehUy1GpCSPw1kjzXRGu69nSaUNn",
"direction": "Right"
}
],
"block_hash": "GgFTVr33r4MrpAiHc9mr8TZqLnpZAX1BaZTNvhBnciy2",
"id": "3dMfwczW5GQqXbD9GMTnmf8jy5uACxG6FC5dWxm3KcXT",
"outcome": {
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": ["46KYgN8ddxs4Qy8C7BDQH49XUfcYZsaQmAvdU1nfcL9V"],
"gas_burnt": 223182562500,
"tokens_burnt": "22318256250000000000",
"executor_id": "receiver.testnet",
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
}
}
},
{
"proof": [
{
"hash": "CD9Y7Bw3MSFgaPZzpc1yP51ajhGDCAsR61qXcMNcRoHf",
"direction": "Left"
}
],
"block_hash": "EGAgKuW6Bd6QKYSaxAkx2pPGmnjrjAcq4UpoUiqMXvPH",
"id": "46KYgN8ddxs4Qy8C7BDQH49XUfcYZsaQmAvdU1nfcL9V",
"outcome": {
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": [],
"gas_burnt": 0,
"tokens_burnt": "0",
"executor_id": "sender.testnet",
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
}
}
}
]
},
"id": "dontcare"
}

What could go wrong?โ€‹

When API request fails, RPC server returns a structured error response with a limited number of well-defined error variants, so client code can exhaustively handle all the possible error cases. Our JSON-RPC errors follow verror convention for structuring the error response:

{
"error": {
"name": <ERROR_TYPE>,
"cause": {
"info": {..},
"name": <ERROR_CAUSE>
},
"code": -32000,
"data": String,
"message": "Server error",
},
"id": "dontcare",
"jsonrpc": "2.0"
}

Heads up

The fields code, data, and message in the structure above are considered legacy ones and might be deprecated in the future. Please, don't rely on them.

Here is the exhaustive list of the error variants that can be returned by tx method:

ERROR_TYPE
error.name

ERROR_CAUSE
error.cause.name
ReasonSolution
HANDLER_ERRORINVALID_TRANSACTIONAn error happened during transaction execution
  • See error.cause.info for details
UNKNOWN_TRANSACTIONThe requested transaction is not available on the node since it might have not been recorded on the chain yet or has been garbage-collected
  • Try again later
  • If the transaction had been submitted more than 5 epochs ago, try to send your request to an archival node
  • Check the transaction hash
TIMEOUT_ERRORIt was unable to wait for the transaction status for reasonable time
  • Send a request to a different node
  • Try again later
REQUEST_VALIDATION_ERRORPARSE_ERRORPassed arguments can't be parsed by JSON RPC server (missing arguments, wrong format, etc.)
  • Check the arguments passed and pass the correct ones
  • Check error.cause.info for more details
INTERNAL_ERRORINTERNAL_ERRORSomething went wrong with the node itself or overloaded
  • Try again later
  • Send a request to a different node
  • Check error.cause.info for more details

Transaction Status with Receiptsโ€‹

Queries status of a transaction by hash, returning the final transaction result and details of all receipts.

  • method: EXPERIMENTAL_tx_status
  • params:
    • tx_hash (see NearBlocks Explorer for a valid transaction hash)
    • sender_account_id (used to determine which shard to query for transaction)
    • [Optional] wait_until: the required minimal execution level. Read more here. The default value is EXECUTED_OPTIMISTIC.

A Transaction status request with wait_until != NONE will wait until the transaction appears on the blockchain. If the transaction does not exist, the method will wait until the timeout is reached. If you only need to check whether the transaction exists, use wait_until = NONE, it will return the response immediately.

Example:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": "dontcare",
"method": "EXPERIMENTAL_tx_status",
"params": {
"tx_hash": "HEgnVQZfs9uJzrqTob4g2Xmebqodq9waZvApSkrbcAhd",
"sender_account_id": "bowen",
"wait_until": "EXECUTED"
}
}
Example response:

{
"id": "123",
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": {
"final_execution_status": "FINAL",
"receipts": [
{
"predecessor_id": "bowen",
"receipt": {
"Action": {
"actions": [
{
"FunctionCall": {
"args": "eyJhbW91bnQiOiIxMDAwIiwicmVjZWl2ZXJfaWQiOiJib3dlbiJ9",
"deposit": "0",
"gas": 100000000000000,
"method_name": "transfer"
}
}
],
"gas_price": "186029458",
"input_data_ids": [],
"output_data_receivers": [],
"signer_id": "bowen",
"signer_public_key": "ed25519:2f9Zv5kuyuPM5DCyEP5pSqg58NQ8Ct9uSRerZXnCS9fK"
}
},
"receipt_id": "FXMVxdhSUZaZftbmPJWaoqhEB9GrKB2oqg9Wgvuyvom8",
"receiver_id": "evgeny.lockup.m0"
},
{
"predecessor_id": "evgeny.lockup.m0",
"receipt": {
"Action": {
"actions": [
{
"Transfer": {
"deposit": "1000"
}
}
],
"gas_price": "186029458",
"input_data_ids": [],
"output_data_receivers": [],
"signer_id": "bowen",
"signer_public_key": "ed25519:2f9Zv5kuyuPM5DCyEP5pSqg58NQ8Ct9uSRerZXnCS9fK"
}
},
"receipt_id": "3Ad7pUygUegMUWUb1rEazfjnTaHfptXCABqKQ6WNq6Wa",
"receiver_id": "bowen"
},
{
"predecessor_id": "system",
"receipt": {
"Action": {
"actions": [
{
"Transfer": {
"deposit": "19200274886926125000"
}
}
],
"gas_price": "0",
"input_data_ids": [],
"output_data_receivers": [],
"signer_id": "bowen",
"signer_public_key": "ed25519:2f9Zv5kuyuPM5DCyEP5pSqg58NQ8Ct9uSRerZXnCS9fK"
}
},
"receipt_id": "5DdQg9pfoJMX1q6bvhsjyyRihzA3sb9Uq5K1J7vK43Ze",
"receiver_id": "bowen"
},
{
"predecessor_id": "system",
"receipt": {
"Action": {
"actions": [
{
"Transfer": {
"deposit": "18663792669276228632284"
}
}
],
"gas_price": "0",
"input_data_ids": [],
"output_data_receivers": [],
"signer_id": "bowen",
"signer_public_key": "ed25519:2f9Zv5kuyuPM5DCyEP5pSqg58NQ8Ct9uSRerZXnCS9fK"
}
},
"receipt_id": "FDp8ovTf5uJYDFemW5op6ebjCT2n4CPExHYie3S1h4qp",
"receiver_id": "bowen"
}
],
"receipts_outcome": [
{
"block_hash": "HuqYrYsC7h2VERFMgFkqaNqSiFuTH9CA3uJr3BkyNxhF",
"id": "FXMVxdhSUZaZftbmPJWaoqhEB9GrKB2oqg9Wgvuyvom8",
"outcome": {
"executor_id": "evgeny.lockup.m0",
"gas_burnt": 3493189769144,
"logs": ["Transferring 1000 to account @bowen"],
"receipt_ids": [
"3Ad7pUygUegMUWUb1rEazfjnTaHfptXCABqKQ6WNq6Wa",
"FDp8ovTf5uJYDFemW5op6ebjCT2n4CPExHYie3S1h4qp"
],
"status": {
"SuccessReceiptId": "3Ad7pUygUegMUWUb1rEazfjnTaHfptXCABqKQ6WNq6Wa"
},
"tokens_burnt": "349318976914400000000"
},
"proof": [
{
"direction": "Right",
"hash": "5WwHEszBcpfrHnt2VTvVDVnEEACNq5EpQdjz1aW9gTAa"
}
]
},
{
"block_hash": "DJ6oK5FtPPSwksS6pKdEjFvHWAaSVocnVNLoyi8aYk1k",
"id": "3Ad7pUygUegMUWUb1rEazfjnTaHfptXCABqKQ6WNq6Wa",
"outcome": {
"executor_id": "bowen",
"gas_burnt": 223182562500,
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": ["5DdQg9pfoJMX1q6bvhsjyyRihzA3sb9Uq5K1J7vK43Ze"],
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
},
"tokens_burnt": "22318256250000000000"
},
"proof": [
{
"direction": "Right",
"hash": "CXSXmKpDU8R3UUrBAsffWMeGfKanKqEHCQrHeZkR3RKT"
},
{
"direction": "Right",
"hash": "2dNo7A1VHKBmMA86m1k3Z9DVXwWgQJGkKGRg8wUR3co9"
}
]
},
{
"block_hash": "9cjUoqAksMbs7ZJ4CXiuwm8vppz9QctTwGmgwZ5mDmUA",
"id": "5DdQg9pfoJMX1q6bvhsjyyRihzA3sb9Uq5K1J7vK43Ze",
"outcome": {
"executor_id": "bowen",
"gas_burnt": 0,
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": [],
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
},
"tokens_burnt": "0"
},
"proof": []
},
{
"block_hash": "DJ6oK5FtPPSwksS6pKdEjFvHWAaSVocnVNLoyi8aYk1k",
"id": "FDp8ovTf5uJYDFemW5op6ebjCT2n4CPExHYie3S1h4qp",
"outcome": {
"executor_id": "bowen",
"gas_burnt": 0,
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": [],
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
},
"tokens_burnt": "0"
},
"proof": [
{
"direction": "Left",
"hash": "A2Ry6NCeuK8WhRCWc41hy6uddadc5nLJ1NBX5wVYo3Yb"
},
{
"direction": "Right",
"hash": "2dNo7A1VHKBmMA86m1k3Z9DVXwWgQJGkKGRg8wUR3co9"
}
]
}
],
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
},
"transaction": {
"actions": [
{
"FunctionCall": {
"args": "eyJhbW91bnQiOiIxMDAwIiwicmVjZWl2ZXJfaWQiOiJib3dlbiJ9",
"deposit": "0",
"gas": 100000000000000,
"method_name": "transfer"
}
}
],
"hash": "HEgnVQZfs9uJzrqTob4g2Xmebqodq9waZvApSkrbcAhd",
"nonce": 77,
"public_key": "ed25519:2f9Zv5kuyuPM5DCyEP5pSqg58NQ8Ct9uSRerZXnCS9fK",
"receiver_id": "evgeny.lockup.m0",
"signature": "ed25519:5v1hJuw5RppKGezJHBFU6z3hwmmdferETud9rUbwxVf6xSBAWyiod93Lezaq4Zdcp4zbukDusQY9PjhV47JVCgBx",
"signer_id": "bowen"
},
"transaction_outcome": {
"block_hash": "9RX2pefXKw8M4EYjLznDF3AMvbkf9asAjN8ACK7gxKsa",
"id": "HEgnVQZfs9uJzrqTob4g2Xmebqodq9waZvApSkrbcAhd",
"outcome": {
"executor_id": "bowen",
"gas_burnt": 2428026088898,
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": ["FXMVxdhSUZaZftbmPJWaoqhEB9GrKB2oqg9Wgvuyvom8"],
"status": {
"SuccessReceiptId": "FXMVxdhSUZaZftbmPJWaoqhEB9GrKB2oqg9Wgvuyvom8"
},
"tokens_burnt": "242802608889800000000"
},
"proof": [
{
"direction": "Right",
"hash": "DXf4XVmAF5jnjZhcxi1CYxGPuuQrcAmayq9X5inSAYvJ"
}
]
}
}
}

What could go wrong?โ€‹

When API request fails, RPC server returns a structured error response with a limited number of well-defined error variants, so client code can exhaustively handle all the possible error cases. Our JSON-RPC errors follow verror convention for structuring the error response:

{
"error": {
"name": <ERROR_TYPE>,
"cause": {
"info": {..},
"name": <ERROR_CAUSE>
},
"code": -32000,
"data": String,
"message": "Server error",
},
"id": "dontcare",
"jsonrpc": "2.0"
}

Heads up

The fields code, data, and message in the structure above are considered legacy ones and might be deprecated in the future. Please, don't rely on them.

Here is the exhaustive list of the error variants that can be returned by EXPERIMENTAL_tx_status method:

ERROR_TYPE
error.name

ERROR_CAUSE
error.cause.name
ReasonSolution
HANDLER_ERRORINVALID_TRANSACTIONAn error happened during transaction execution
  • See error.cause.info for details
UNKNOWN_TRANSACTIONThe requested transaction is not available on the node since it might have not been recorded on the chain yet or has been garbage-collected
  • Try again later
  • If the transaction had been submitted more than 5 epochs ago, try to send your request to an archival node
  • Check the transaction hash
TIMEOUT_ERRORIt was unable to wait for the transaction status for reasonable time
  • Send a request to a different node
  • Try again later
REQUEST_VALIDATION_ERRORPARSE_ERRORPassed arguments can't be parsed by JSON RPC server (missing arguments, wrong format, etc.)
  • Check the arguments passed and pass the correct ones
  • Check error.cause.info for more details
INTERNAL_ERRORINTERNAL_ERRORSomething went wrong with the node itself or overloaded
  • Try again later
  • Send a request to a different node
  • Check error.cause.info for more details

Receipt by IDโ€‹

Fetches a receipt by it's ID (as is, without a status or execution outcome)

  • method: EXPERIMENTAL_receipt
  • params:

Example:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": "dontcare",
"method": "EXPERIMENTAL_receipt",
"params": { "receipt_id": "2EbembRPJhREPtmHCrGv3Xtdm3xoc5BMVYHm3b2kjvMY" }
}
Example response:

{
"id": "dontcare",
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": {
"predecessor_id": "bohdan.testnet",
"receipt": {
"Action": {
"actions": [
{
"Transfer": {
"deposit": "1000000000000000000000000"
}
}
],
"gas_price": "103000000",
"input_data_ids": [],
"output_data_receivers": [],
"signer_id": "bohdan.testnet",
"signer_public_key": "ed25519:DhC7rPNTBwWJtmVXs1U1SqJztkn9AWbj6jCmQtkrg3TA"
}
},
"receipt_id": "2EbembRPJhREPtmHCrGv3Xtdm3xoc5BMVYHm3b2kjvMY",
"receiver_id": "frol.testnet"
}
}

What could go wrong?โ€‹

When API request fails, RPC server returns a structured error response with a limited number of well-defined error variants, so client code can exhaustively handle all the possible error cases. Our JSON-RPC errors follow verror convention for structuring the error response:

{
"error": {
"name": <ERROR_TYPE>,
"cause": {
"info": {..},
"name": <ERROR_CAUSE>
},
"code": -32000,
"data": String,
"message": "Server error",
},
"id": "dontcare",
"jsonrpc": "2.0"
}

Heads up

The fields code, data, and message in the structure above are considered legacy ones and might be deprecated in the future. Please, don't rely on them.

Here is the exhaustive list of the error variants that can be returned by EXPERIMENTAL_receipt method:

ERROR_TYPE
error.name

ERROR_CAUSE
error.cause.name
ReasonSolution
HANDLER_ERRORUNKNOWN_RECEIPTThe receipt with the given receipt_id was never observed on the node
  • Check the provided receipt_id is correct
  • Send a request on a different node
REQUEST_VALIDATION_ERRORPARSE_ERRORPassed arguments can't be parsed by JSON RPC server (missing arguments, wrong format, etc.)
  • Check the arguments passed and pass the correct ones
  • Check error.cause.info for more details
INTERNAL_ERRORINTERNAL_ERRORSomething went wrong with the node itself or overloaded
  • Try again later
  • Send a request to a different node
  • Check error.cause.info for more details

Transaction Execution Levelsโ€‹

All the methods listed above have wait_until request parameter, and final_execution_status response value. They correspond to the same enum TxExecutionStatus. See the detailed explanation for all the options:

#[serde(rename_all = "SCREAMING_SNAKE_CASE")]
pub enum TxExecutionStatus {
/// Transaction is waiting to be included into the block
None,
/// Transaction is included into the block. The block may be not finalized yet
Included,
/// Transaction is included into the block +
/// All non-refund transaction receipts finished their execution.
/// The corresponding blocks for tx and each receipt may be not finalized yet
#[default]
ExecutedOptimistic,
/// Transaction is included into finalized block
IncludedFinal,
/// Transaction is included into finalized block +
/// All non-refund transaction receipts finished their execution.
/// The corresponding blocks for each receipt may be not finalized yet
Executed,
/// Transaction is included into finalized block +
/// Execution of all transaction receipts is finalized, including refund receipts
Final,
}

Deprecated methods

[deprecated] Send transaction (async)โ€‹

Consider using send_tx instead

Sends a transaction and immediately returns transaction hash.

  • method: broadcast_tx_async
  • params: [SignedTransaction encoded in base64]

Example:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": "dontcare",
"method": "broadcast_tx_async",
"params": [
"DgAAAHNlbmRlci50ZXN0bmV0AOrmAai64SZOv9e/naX4W15pJx0GAap35wTT1T/DwcbbDwAAAAAAAAAQAAAAcmVjZWl2ZXIudGVzdG5ldNMnL7URB1cxPOu3G8jTqlEwlcasagIbKlAJlF5ywVFLAQAAAAMAAACh7czOG8LTAAAAAAAAAGQcOG03xVSFQFjoagOb4NBBqWhERnnz45LY4+52JgZhm1iQKz7qAdPByrGFDQhQ2Mfga8RlbysuQ8D8LlA6bQE="
]
}

Example response:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": "6zgh2u9DqHHiXzdy9ouTP7oGky2T4nugqzqt9wJZwNFm",
"id": "dontcare"
}

Final transaction results can be queried using Transaction Status or NearBlocks Explorer using the above result hash returning a result similar to the example below.

NEAR-Explorer-transactionHash

What could go wrong?โ€‹

When API request fails, RPC server returns a structured error response with a limited number of well-defined error variants, so client code can exhaustively handle all the possible error cases. Our JSON-RPC errors follow verror convention for structuring the error response:

{
"error": {
"name": <ERROR_TYPE>,
"cause": {
"info": {..},
"name": <ERROR_CAUSE>
},
"code": -32000,
"data": String,
"message": "Server error",
},
"id": "dontcare",
"jsonrpc": "2.0"
}

Heads up

The fields code, data, and message in the structure above are considered legacy ones and might be deprecated in the future. Please, don't rely on them.

Here is the exhaustive list of the error variants that can be returned by broadcast_tx_async method:

ERROR_TYPE
error.name

ERROR_CAUSE
error.cause.name
ReasonSolution
REQUEST_VALIDATION_ERRORPARSE_ERRORPassed arguments can't be parsed by JSON RPC server (missing arguments, wrong format, etc.)
  • Check the arguments passed and pass the correct ones
  • Check error.cause.info for more details

[deprecated] Send transaction (await)โ€‹

Consider using send_tx instead

Sends a transaction and waits until transaction is fully complete. (Has a 10 second timeout)

  • method: broadcast_tx_commit
  • params: [SignedTransaction encoded in base64]

Example:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": "dontcare",
"method": "broadcast_tx_commit",
"params": [
"DgAAAHNlbmRlci50ZXN0bmV0AOrmAai64SZOv9e/naX4W15pJx0GAap35wTT1T/DwcbbDQAAAAAAAAAQAAAAcmVjZWl2ZXIudGVzdG5ldIODI4YfV/QS++blXpQYT+bOsRblTRW4f547y/LkvMQ9AQAAAAMAAACh7czOG8LTAAAAAAAAAAXcaTJzu9GviPT7AD4mNJGY79jxTrjFLoyPBiLGHgBi8JK1AnhK8QknJ1ourxlvOYJA2xEZE8UR24THmSJcLQw="
]
}
Example response:

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": {
"final_execution_status": "FINAL",
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
},
"transaction": {
"signer_id": "sender.testnet",
"public_key": "ed25519:Gowpa4kXNyTMRKgt5W7147pmcc2PxiFic8UHW9rsNvJ6",
"nonce": 13,
"receiver_id": "receiver.testnet",
"actions": [
{
"Transfer": {
"deposit": "1000000000000000000000000"
}
}
],
"signature": "ed25519:7oCBMfSHrZkT7tzPDBxxCd3tWFhTES38eks3MCZMpYPJRfPWKxJsvmwQiVBBxRLoxPTnXVaMU2jPV3MdFKZTobH",
"hash": "ASS7oYwGiem9HaNwJe6vS2kznx2CxueKDvU9BAYJRjNR"
},
"transaction_outcome": {
"proof": [],
"block_hash": "9MzuZrRPW1BGpFnZJUJg6SzCrixPpJDfjsNeUobRXsLe",
"id": "ASS7oYwGiem9HaNwJe6vS2kznx2CxueKDvU9BAYJRjNR",
"outcome": {
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": ["BLV2q6p8DX7pVgXRtGtBkyUNrnqkNyU7iSksXG7BjVZh"],
"gas_burnt": 223182562500,
"tokens_burnt": "22318256250000000000",
"executor_id": "sender.testnet",
"status": {
"SuccessReceiptId": "BLV2q6p8DX7pVgXRtGtBkyUNrnqkNyU7iSksXG7BjVZh"
}
}
},
"receipts_outcome": [
{
"proof": [],
"block_hash": "5Hpj1PeCi32ZkNXgiD1DrW4wvW4Xtic74DJKfyJ9XL3a",
"id": "BLV2q6p8DX7pVgXRtGtBkyUNrnqkNyU7iSksXG7BjVZh",
"outcome": {
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": ["3sawynPNP8UkeCviGqJGwiwEacfPyxDKRxsEWPpaUqtR"],
"gas_burnt": 223182562500,
"tokens_burnt": "22318256250000000000",
"executor_id": "receiver.testnet",
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
}
}
},
{
"proof": [],
"block_hash": "CbwEqMpPcu6KwqVpBM3Ry83k6M4H1FrJjES9kBXThcRd",
"id": "3sawynPNP8UkeCviGqJGwiwEacfPyxDKRxsEWPpaUqtR",
"outcome": {
"logs": [],
"receipt_ids": [],
"gas_burnt": 0,
"tokens_burnt": "0",
"executor_id": "sender.testnet",
"status": {
"SuccessValue": ""
}
}
}
]
},
"id": "dontcare"
}

What could go wrong?โ€‹

When API request fails, RPC server returns a structured error response with a limited number of well-defined error variants, so client code can exhaustively handle all the possible error cases. Our JSON-RPC errors follow verror convention for structuring the error response:

{
"error": {
"name": <ERROR_TYPE>,
"cause": {
"info": {..},
"name": <ERROR_CAUSE>
},
"code": -32000,
"data": String,
"message": "Server error",
},
"id": "dontcare",
"jsonrpc": "2.0"
}

Heads up

The fields code, data, and message in the structure above are considered legacy ones and might be deprecated in the future. Please, don't rely on them.

Here is the exhaustive list of the error variants that can be returned by broadcast_tx_commit method:

ERROR_TYPE
error.name

ERROR_CAUSE
error.cause.name
ReasonSolution
HANDLER_ERRORINVALID_TRANSACTIONAn error happened during transaction execution
  • See error.cause.info for details
TIMEOUT_ERRORTransaction was routed, but has not been recorded on chain in 10 seconds.
  • Re-submit the request with the identical transaction (in NEAR Protocol unique transactions apply exactly once, so if the previously sent transaction gets applied, this request will just return the known result, otherwise, it will route the transaction to the chain once again)
  • Check that your transaction is valid
  • Check that the signer account id has enough tokens to cover the transaction fees (keep in mind that some tokens on each account are locked to cover the storage cost)
REQUEST_VALIDATION_ERRORPARSE_ERRORPassed arguments can't be parsed by JSON RPC server (missing arguments, wrong format, etc.)
  • Check the arguments passed and pass the correct ones
  • Check error.cause.info for more details
INTERNAL_ERRORINTERNAL_ERRORSomething went wrong with the node itself or overloaded
  • Try again later
  • Send a request to a different node
  • Check error.cause.info for more details

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